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Expertise: a long and winding road

Bereiter, C., & Scardamalia, M. (1993). Chapter Four: Expertise as process. In Surpassing ourselves: An inquiry into the nature and implications of expertise (pp. 77-120). Chicago: Open Court. The idea that experts tackle problems that increase their expertise seems supportive of the self-efficacy behind ACT-R: Reinvestment - the  motivational aspect conserving resources to have energy… Continue reading Expertise: a long and winding road

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Instance-based and rule-based learning

Taatgen, Niels A. and Wallach, Dieter. "Whether Skill Acquisition is Rule or Instance Based is determined by the Structure of the Task." Cognitive Science Quarterly: 2.2 (2002). 163 -204. Summary The traditional view of skill acquisition as "a gradual transition from behavior based on declarative rules in the form of examples and instruction towards general… Continue reading Instance-based and rule-based learning

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First Principles

Merrill, M.D. (2002). First Principles of Instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development 50(3). pp. 43–59. Impact I measure conceptual density by the number of highlights; I measure impact by the number of marginal annotations. My copy of Merrill's, First Principles of Instruction is almost illegible on both counts. Hypothesis Merrill argues for the existence of… Continue reading First Principles

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Big misconceptions

Wiggins, G.P. and McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd ed. Alexandria. VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. The final chapter in Wiggins deals with the three most common qualms about backward design, all of which seem germane to any change. The first misgiving ("I need to teach to the test") is effectively refuted… Continue reading Big misconceptions

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PBL design of Alien Rescue

Liu, M., Williams, D. & Pedersen, S. (2002). Alien Rescue: A Problem-Based Hypermedia Learning Environment for Middle School Science. Journal of Educational Technology Systems 30(3). 255-270. Because students see no value in what they are asked to learn, they "tune out"and never own that knowledge. PBL seeks to address this value proposition by creating authentic… Continue reading PBL design of Alien Rescue