Gardner, H.E. (1999). Multiple Approaches to Understanding. In C.M. Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory, Vol.2 . Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. I completely understand that Gardner's work is important: I have always liked the idea that people are "smart" in different ways. However, I'm not sure I buy his exact… Continue reading Are multiple intelligences artificial?
Wiggins, G.P. and McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. The first thing that struck me about the Wiggins chapter was that the opening Chinese proverb was wrong: if I'm an auditory learner, then I remember what I hear and forget what I see. This called… Continue reading Planning (actually activity evaluation)
Liu, M., Toprac, P., and Yuen, T. (2009). What Factors Make a Multimedia Learning Environment Engaging: A Case Study. In R. Zheng, (Ed.). Cognitive Effects of Multimedia Learning. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 173-192. Although written to describe an educational simulation (Alien Rescue), the article provides specific information about PBL design: understanding is created through… Continue reading Motivation in Alien Rescue
Wiggins, G.P. and McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. I didn't find this chapter as useful as Gagne's, not because I didn't agree that there are different types of understanding but because it wasn't as specific (but that might be good for me). So, I… Continue reading Do you understand the way I understand?