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How Computer Games Help Children Learn – Chapter 4

Shaffer, D. (2006). How Computer Games Help Children Learn. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. The negotiation game described in the chapter seems similar to a case-based scenario that Shaffer described elsewhere (in his Phi Delta Kappan article) as being more applicable for practitioners than novices. Shaffer spends a lot of time exploring the concept of the… Continue reading How Computer Games Help Children Learn – Chapter 4

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How Computer Games Help Children Learn – Chapter 1

Shaffer, D. (2006). How Computer Games Help Children Learn. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. The Debating Game described in Chapter 1 exposed many familiar aspects of games, but also raised issues that require further consideration: Rules define games (and play) and yet "what matters is presenting an interpretation and defending it" (which seems identical with Bloom's… Continue reading How Computer Games Help Children Learn – Chapter 1

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Motivations

Ryan, R.M. and Deci, E.L. (2000) Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology 25. pp. 54-67. The difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation was already clear to me, although I liked the authors' delineation that motivation (not just intrinsic, though, in my opinion) "exists in  the relation between individuals and… Continue reading Motivations

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Learner Analysis

Cennamo, K. and Kalk, D. (2005). Real world instructional design. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. Learner needs are couched in terms of the design phases: Define - determine learner needs and understand the implications for instructional materials Design - define audience Demonstrate - monitor prototype Develop - determine ability of materials to meet learners' needs during… Continue reading Learner Analysis

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Motivation in Alien Rescue

Liu, M., Toprac, P., and Yuen, T. (2009). What Factors Make a Multimedia Learning Environment Engaging: A Case Study. In R. Zheng, (Ed.). Cognitive Effects of Multimedia Learning. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 173-192. Although written to describe an educational simulation (Alien Rescue), the article provides specific information about PBL design: understanding is created through… Continue reading Motivation in Alien Rescue