Tyler, R.W. (1949) Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction. Chicago: University of Chicago. pp. 3-62. I especially appreciated this chapter as it clearly delineated between education and learning; while acknowledging the role of the latter in the former, the author emphasizes that education is "a process of changing the behavior patterns of people." Although written… Continue reading Purpose
Wiggins, G.P. and McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. Wiggins becomes even more specific in discussing how to craft understandings. Understandings are identifiable by being abstract, transferable, and opaque. Non-understandings are general, aimless or rote, and simplistic. The specifics include the direction to use complete… Continue reading Learncraft
Wiggins, G.P. and McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development. I didn't find this chapter as useful as Gagne's, not because I didn't agree that there are different types of understanding but because it wasn't as specific (but that might be good for me). So, I… Continue reading Do you understand the way I understand?